India – Personalities

Congress Party Leaders

Azad, Maulana Abul Kalam (1888-1958)
Leading Muslim member of Congress Party; Congress president, 1940-1946; Indian education minister after independence.

Gandhi, Mohandas Karamchand (Mahatma) (1869-1948)
Studied law in London; 1893-1914, worked in South Africa; on return to South Africa, rose to dominance in Congress Party, becoming its president in 1924. Led a number of civil disobedience campaigns, spending a number of spells in prison. Made numerous attempts between 1944-1947 to stop the partition of India but failed. Assassinated, 1948.

Nehru, Jawaharlal (Pandit) (1889-1964)
Barrister and politician in the United Provinces of India; supporter of Gandhi; President of Indian National Congress, 1929, 1936-37, 1946, 1951-54; first prime minister of India, 1947-1964.

Muslim League Leaders

Jinnah, Mahomed Ali (Quaid-i-Azam) (1876-1948)
Studied law in London; as barrister in Bombay, active in Indian National Congress. Joined Muslim League, resigning from Congress Party in 1920. Prime mover behind ‘Lahore Resolution’ of 1940, which demanded a separate state for Indian Muslims; first Governor-General of Pakistan.

Liaquat Ali Khan, Nawabzada (1895-1951)
Trained as a lawyer in England, 1919-21; leader of the Muslim League Party, 1940; Finance Minister in the Interim Government, 1946; first prime minister of Pakistan, 1947-1951.

British Administrators/Politicians

Attlee, Clement (1883-1967)
Labour prime minister, 1945-1951; granted independence to India, 1947.

Cripps, Sir Stafford (1889-1952)
Sent to India in 1942 to offer dominion status after war in return for full support for war effort; member of the Cabinet Mission to India, March 1946; Chancellor of the Exchequer, 1947-1950.

Ismay, Hastings, 1st Baron Ismay (1887-1965)
Mountbatten’s Chief of Staff.

Mountbatten, Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma (1900-1979)
Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia, 1943-1946; Viceroy and Governor-General of India, 1947-1948.

Wavell, Archibald Percival, 1st Earl (1883-1950)
Commander-in-Chief, India, 1941-43; Field-marshal, 1943; Viceroy and Governor-General of India, 1943-1947

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