Who’s Who – Biographical Notes

Commander Albert W. Anderson
Elected representative of the Ulster Unionist Party, Mayor of Derry, 1963-8, Member of Parliament for the City of Londonderry 1968-72

John Andrews
Leader of the Northern Ireland Senate, 1964-72, in which capacity he frequently acted as deputy prime minister

Jim Callaghan
A member of the British Labour Party who held a number of senior posts in government in the 1960s and 1970s, and was Prime Minister from 1976-1979. He was Home Secretary in 1969, and sent British troops to Northern Ireland to restore order. The Labour Party was in opposition in 1972, when Callaghan described the introduction of Direct Rule as a ‘historic blunder’: he argued that the British Parliament would not be able to deal effectively with Northern Ireland.

James Chichester-Clark
Leader of the Ulster Unionist Party and Prime Minister of Northern Ireland from 1969 to 1971, when he resigned from both offices, citing the impossibility of containing the I.R.A. with the resources and support available.

Brendan Corish
Leader of the Labour Party in the Republic from 1960 to1977

Colmcille/Columba/Columb
Sixth-century Irish saint, said to have founded a monastery in Derry, and considered the patron saint of Derry City

William [Bill] Craig
Loyalist leader who established the Ulster Vanguard Party and was one of the organisers of the Ulster Workers’ Council strikes

Austin Currie
Civil Rights activist, founder member of the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) in 1970 and Minister for Housing in the Northern Ireland power-sharing executive established under Sunningdale

Seamus Deane
Poet and academic, born in Derry in 1940

Paddy Devlin
Civil Rights activist, founder member of the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) in 1970 and elected representative of the party in the Stormont Parliament and the Northern Ireland Assembly of 1973-4

W. T. Ewing
Civil Servant in the Northern Irish Education Ministry and secretary to the Lockwood Committee

Brian Faulkner
Member of the Ulster Unionist Party who was Prime Minister of Northern Ireland from March 1971 – March 1972 and Chief Executive of the Northern Ireland power-sharing executive of 1974. Faulkner attempted to contain republican violence, introducing internment without trial in 1971. He protested when the Stormont government was suspended in 1972, but took part against the wishes of many of his party in the negotiations which led to the Sunningdale Agreement. He resigned under pressure from the UWC strikers in May 1974.

Gerard [Gerry] Fitt
Founding member and first leader (1970-79) of the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP). He acted as Deputy Chief Executive in the power-sharing executive in 1974.

Garret FitzGerald
Member of the Fine Gael party, Taoiseach 1981-2 and 1982-7. As Minister for Foreign Affairs in the Fine Gael-Labour coalition of 1973-7, he represented the Irish Government at the Sunningdale negotiations.

Major John Glen
John Glen, member of the Lockwood Committee. He had acted as assistant-secretary of the Northern Irish Ministry for Education.

Major Glover
Gerard Glover, Unionist Party Member and Mayor of Derry from 1950-1 and 1961-3. Glover attempted to persuade the Northern Irish government of the need to support Magee College after the publication of the Lockwood report, although he was accused of not doing enough in this regard.

Paddy Gormley
Nationalist M.P. 1953-69, representing mid-Londonderry for most of his time as parliamentary representative. He spoke at parliament against the decision to site the new University in Coleraine, describing this as a tactic by the Northern Irish government to restrict Derry’s development.

Lord Hailsham / Quintin McGarel Hogg
Conservative and Lord High Chancellor from 1970 to 1974, and from 1979-1987. In this position, he was speaker in the House of Lords, head of the judiciary and the most senior officer serving the crown. He defended the introduction of Direct Rule in 1972 as a short-term, necessary measure which was fully legal.

Edward [Ted] Heath
Conservative Party MP; British Prime Minister 1970-74: Heath suspended the Stormont Parliament in 1972 and presided over the establishment of the Northern Ireland Assembly (1973-4) and power- sharing executive (1974).

R.B. Henderson
R. B. (Brum) Henderson. Member of the Lockwood Committee and managing director of Ulster Television (UTV).

John Hume
A schoolteacher who became one of the leaders of the Northern Irish civil rights movement and was elected to the Stormont Parliament in 1969. He led the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) from 1979 to 2001.

Willis Jackson
Member of the Lockwood Committee. Professor of Electrical Engineering at the Imperial College of Science and Technology (London)

Edward Warburton Jones
Ulster Unionist, M.P. representing the City of Londonderry 1951-68. Attorney-General, 1964-8. He warned the government of potential trouble in Derry if Magee College was not safeguarded and suggested that the College should become part of the new university.

James II
King of England, Ireland, and Scotland from 1685-1688: he was suspected of plans to force a Catholic revival on his subjects and was overthrown by his daughter Mary and her husband William III. Plans for James to establish a base for counter-revolution in Ireland failed after his defeat at the Battle of the Boyne in 1690.

John Lockwood
Chairman of the Lockwood Committee which reported on higher education needs in Northern Ireland in 1965. Master of Birkbeck College in London, 1951-65. Lockwood had chaired the Secondary Schools Education Council and had helped to create new universities in Asia and Africa.

Robert Lundy
Commander of the Derry garrison committed to defending the city against James II. When Derry came under attack, Lundy attempted to surrender to James’s forces, but was prevented from declaring the surrender and removed from office by some of Derry’s inhabitants. A figure representing Lundy is burned at commemorations of the siege.

Martin Luther King
American civil rights campaigner, prominent in the movements for equal opportunity for African Americans, known for his opposition to violent protest

Jack Lynch
Leader of the Fianna Fáil Party, 1966-1979, Taoiseach from 1966 to 1973 and from 1977 to 1979. Lynch oversaw the Republic’s response to the crisis of 1969. He supported the Republic’s territorial claim on Northern Ireland but refused calls to send the Irish army into the North in 1969.

Eddie MacAteer
Derry politician, leader of the Nationalist Party in Northern Ireland from 1964-1969, prominent campaigner for a University for Derry

Séamus Mallon
Civil rights campaigner, member of the SDLP from 1970 and Deputy Leader of the party from 1979-2001. He represented Armagh in the Northern Ireland assembly (1973-4) and sat on the Armagh District Council (1973-89). He argued that Northern Ireland’s crisis could not be resolved without the assistance of the government of the Republic of Ireland.

W.H. Mol
Member of the Lockwood Committee, Headmaster of Ballymena Academy and President of the Ulster Headmasters’ Association

Miss A. R. Murray
Member of the Lockwood Committee. Vice-President of the British Federation of Business and Professional Women and Tutor-in-Charge of the University of Cambridge College, New Hall.

Keith Murray
Chairman of the British University Grants Committee from 1953 to 1963

Ruairí Ó Brádaigh [Rory O’Brady]
President of Provisional Sinn Féin (PSF), the political wing of the Provisional I.R.A. 1970-83

Terence O’Neill
Prime Minister of Northern Ireland and leader of the Ulster Unionist Party, 1963-9

Ian Paisley
Clergyman and politician, founding member of the Free Presbyterian Church in 1951 and of the Democratic Unionist Party in 1971. The DUP rejected the Sunningdale Agreement and Paisley was active in the UWC strike of 1974.

Denis Rebbeck
Member of the Lockwood Committee, Managing Director of Belfast shipbuilding company, Harland and Wolff

Sir Peter Venables
Member of the Lockwood Committee. Principal of the College of Advanced Technology, Birmingham.

George Walker
Clergyman who helped to organize Derry’s defence against the forces of James II in the 1689 siege of the city

King William III
King of Britain and Ireland from 1689-1702, following a revolt which deposed his Catholic father-in-law, James II. Battles between the forces of James and William were fought in Scotland and Ireland: Derry survived a siege by James’s supporters in 1689.

Harold Wilson
Labour Party MP, British Prime Minister 1964-70 and 1974-76. Harold Wilson became Prime Minister for the third time in February 1974, replacing Ted Heath whose Conservative government had overseen the introduction of the Northern Ireland Assembly and power-sharing executive. His speech on 25 May 1974 condemning the UWC strike aroused huge resentment among unionists.

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