Lenin was born in Russia in 1870. He joined the Social Democratic Party, a Russian Marxist party. He led the Bolshevik faction within the Social Democrats. Lenin spent World War One in exile in Switzerland. He returned to Russia after the revolution in February 1917. In October 1917 the Bolsheviks took control of Russia. The Bolsheviks signed a peace treaty with Germany in order to get Russia out of the war. Lenin and Trotsky organised the Red Army during the Russian Civil War. During the civil war Lenin implemented a policy of ‘War Communism’ and confiscated food from the countryside. After the civil war he proposed the ‘New Economic Policy’. In 1923 Lenin suffered a series of strokes and eventually died in 1924. In his ‘Last Testament’ Lenin warned about the dangers of Stalin.